A science fair project is always a highlight of the school year – one of those times that students can demonstrate their ability and creativity. But for many students, one of the most difficult step is just getting started. Before you can schedule tasks, and even before you pick a topic, you must first understand the different types of the Science Fair project. It is very important to choose the right type of project, or all your efforts could be wasted
There are three different methods you can use for your science fair project :. Building (or sit), demonstrating or investigating. When you among them, there are two things that need to be considered. First you have to select the type required by the Science Fair rules, so be sure to check with teachers. Second, if you have a choice, choose the type that will enable you to show what you are best at doing.
The Model Building method
model building method is the kind of project that, as the name suggests, allows you to build a model, to scale as possible is to show a specific scientific principle. This can often be a real working machine, such as a simple crystal radio set, or a simple model, such as one of the solar system. Many of us have seen the model of an erupting volcano as a chemical reaction between baking soda and vinegar causes realistic looking ‘lava’ flows down the sides of the “mountain”. These models can be fun to build and quite spectacular – but they are often suited to elementary school science fairs because of the relative lack of real ‘science’ or the creation of most of them. Having said that, however, there may be some beautiful models produced by the higher degree level students; especially if the model is really to show something new.
The show or descriptive method of research is again fairly self-explanatory. Here, you might display a collection of things or interesting artifacts (eg rock collection) related to a topic (geology), and describe them in detail on the display board, or report or speech. Alternatively, you could produce a poster or visual display of the issues that you have carried out extensive research -climate change is understandably very popular at the moment. If you choose this form of projects, again you are not trying new science; rather, you are showing and explaining scientific principles already known.
The Scientific Experiment (Investigation)
There is a third of the possible methods that you can provide the most science fairs for older students are looking for – proper scientific experiments using scientific methods to construct and test the hypothesis and draw conclusions from it. If you have ambitions in science, or want to progress to regional or even national science fairs, this is the area that you really should be looking into. And the choice of the Science Fair project materials is limitless. Decide where high your interest lies – it could be biology, chemistry or physics, but it could also be an earth science, environmental science, sports science, meteorology or computer – and then try to develop their own theory and method of testing it. There are many different books and websites that can get ideas, but remember, the more individual and unique project, the better the chance of winning.
Finally, to ensure your success, always stay in touch with teachers about what you are doing, and confirm that you fully understand the science fair rules and guidelines. Then, if the type of project you decide to undertake, you can enjoy it with confidence!