What is common between science and religion?
Some astrologers in the past to create a synthesis between science and religion, even the difference between science and religion seem to be irreconcilable. Brian Appleyard , author of “Understanding The scientific and soul of modern man described contrast clearly as following: –
There is … idle to pretend, as many do that there is no contradiction between religion and science. Science contradicts religion as surely as Judaism contradicts Islam-they are absolutely and irresolvably opposing views. Unless, that is, science is bound to change the fundamental nature.
There is no doubt that religion and science are based on different criteria still their goal is the same ie the knowledge of the truth. But science and religion use different skills of establishing the truth. While religion use intuition to know truth, science experiments to know the truth because material evidence and reason. even intuition and reason are not contradictory but complement.
Instead of fighting through different, one can intelligently use the same to increase the capacity of each branch of knowledge the story of the blind and lame shows.
The Blind and the Lame
certain king made a great feast, and invited many to it. It was a lot to eat and drink, and each addition was to have the gift. The king gave an invitation to one and another, and jokingly asked the two men to the feast, one of them was stronger than stone blind but he had good vision and was dead lame.
“What a pity it is,” said the blind man, “we can not go to the festival, we should have enough to eat and drink, and gifts next. But I is blind and can not see a way, and you are disabled and can not walk. “
” Take my advice, “said the lame man,” and we can both go to the banquet. ”
“Why, how can it be?”
“It’s easy to do,” said the lame man. “You are strong and I can see. Let me connect the back. You can have me, and I will show you how.”
“Well said,” said the blind man. So he took a lame man on his back and trudged on, and both sat on the feast of the king
[Horace E. Scudder: The Book of Legends].
This little story is known to different people in different form. It shows the importance of the role people can play in achieving a common goal. If the blind and the lame would not have worked, they would not have enjoyed the feast.
Einstein might have a story in mind when he made his famous quote about the mutual dependence of faith and science in the following words
“Science without religion is lame Religion without science is blind .. “
Doubt: The Foundation of Science
Science needs people to question everything that has ever been said or thought. Claude Bernard, a French physiologist said
“True science teaches us to doubt and ignorance, to avoid” .
Pierre Abelard, a French scholastic philosopher, theologian explained the role of Thor in the development of scientific wisdom
“The beginning of wisdom is found in doubting, by doubting we come to the question, and by seeking we may come upon the truth. ” .
question is considered to be a virtue in science. Albert Einstein, the greatest scientist of all time out “The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing.” He explained the importance of doubting the following words
“To raise new questions, new possibilities, to see old problems from a new angle, requires creative imagination and marks real attack on science.”
Faith: The Foundation bench
Religion against based on religion and expects followers not to question or raise any questions as every single word Scripture is treated as Gospel Truth be spoken by God Himself, and can never be questioned. In the Bible, Jesus Christ said the importance of faith in these words:
I tell you the truth, if you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain :, “Move from here to there” and it will move. (Matthew 17:20)
Faith is the basis of all religions. Every word in Scripture is considered to be the word of God members nothing but the truth. Therefore scriptures called Gospel Truth that value can not be questioned. Religion requires unconditional loyalty and faith in God.
The need of faith is also explained in the most sacred scripture of Bhagwat Gita as Lord Krishna says (the devotee)
Just fix your mind upon Me, the Supreme Lord, and engage all your intelligence in me, so that you will live in Me always, without a doubt. (Gita, 12: 8)
Faith makes a person blind reason. Therefore, often faith is also said to be blind.
Science without religion
Research is the basis of science, which means “a systematic investigation to establish the facts.” Every research paper, there are a number of quotations or references of previous studies. When the common man reads a research paper, he takes it to be true because of his faith in such research.
typical research involves finding the relationship between cause and effect of a small sample of people. The results can always handle a select sample of choice research and also even falsely recording the results. The reader can not know the truth about scientific research. Still he sat his faith in scientific research.
However, because of subjectivity in scientific methods, often the truth is distorted and people are confused.
For example, a large report, World Cancer Research Fund on nutrition and cancer found that cancer prevention and eat less meat and more fruits and vegetables could reduce cases of the disease by up to 40 pc a year.
However, previous research finding was proven wrong by a study published in the February 8, 2006 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association indicating that a diet low in fat, but high in fruits, vegetables and grains, does not significantly reduce the risk of breast cancer, colorectal cancer or cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women
This new discovery was good news for those who enjoy life and not sacrifice their favorite foods based on previous scientific findings. Many are uncertain because if this study is true, but they have no method to prevent cancer and heart attack. The Hindustan Times, one of the leading newspapers in India captured the frustration of the common man in the editorial “Eat this Dieticians” of February 10 its 2006 in the wake of
After years of reading the news of the terrible exciting world of science one healthy conclusion can be drawn: research safety tells us what is good for our bodies and what is not reliable volatile and the value of the messages weekly reading Tarot cards and quizzes sex, if one year carbohydrates / proteins are proven to be good / bad for our heart, the worst thing we could possibly do is to believe and deprive us of luscious fat-rimmed streak or oil-drenched mutton Biryani. One can eat, the assurance that a year or so later, there will be another study conclusively prove that it was Diet Coke that was killing us softly … faith in diet studies will be scattered by this recent find.
Faith without reason
It is also not possible to follow religion blindly. The scriptures also need the truth to last.
Galileo was the first to propose a heliocentric theory of the solar system, indicating that the sun is in the center of the solar system and the earth moves around it. This applies to the geocentric theory of the Bible believed that the earth is the center of the universe.
He was prosecuted by the Church.
When he was taken out of the court Galileo looked down to earth and whispered softly, “It still moves.”
But only the truth lives. Today, even devout Christian do not believe that the sun moves around the Earth. There are many such statements scriptures that are no more believed that the people as they were found to be substantially incorrect.
However, even today, despite all the advances of science, there is no scientific method to influence thoughts and encourage him to do good for the community by sacrificing self interest. It is only faith that urgent message to the people and bring billions of people together to create love and peace in society.
All scientific communities like communism, capitalism and imperialism have responded over time. Yet religion continue to affect people because the true knowledge of the human soul, the very essence of man, which is eternal and never change.
Science with Religion
It is only when one develops the ability build faith and science; he may acquire a full understanding of the truth. Reason and faith are connected to each other like body and soul. One can not live without the other. Science as the body belongs to the components of the world than religions Soul represents the spiritual aspects of the world. They are part of the same body of knowledge as Einstein said, “All religions, arts and sciences are branches of the same tree.” A scientist can not walk without insight and previous research by the same and to have faith in themselves and other scientists. Similarly, religious man can not see the world without the eyes of reason.