fingerprints collected from the crime scene, or from parts of the evidence from the crime, can be used in forensic science to identify suspects, victims and others who touched the surface in question. Fingerprint identification emerged as an important system in the various police agencies in the late 19th century. This system replaced anthropometric measurements reliable method to identify individuals who have previously met, often under the alias name, the criminal record repository. Science fingerprint identification stands out among all the other forensic science for many reasons because of its superiority and reliability.
Worldwide, Fingerprinting has served all governments in the past 100 years to provide accurate identification of criminals. No two fingerprints have ever been found as a billion people and automated computer comparisons. Fingerprints have become very basis for criminal history foundation of virtually every police agency.
first forensic professional organization, International Association for Identification (IAI), was founded in 1915. It established the first professional certification program for forensic scientists, IAI’s Certified Latent Print Examiner program in 1977, the issue of certification that meeting strict criteria and withdraw certification for serious errors such as false identities.
Fingerprints remain the most commonly used forensic evidence worldwide. In most countries, a fingerprint test cases, more than any other forensic examination casework combined. It continues to expand as the first method to identify individuals, with tens of thousands of individuals added to fingerprint repositories daily in America alone – far outdistancing similar databases in growth. Fingerprinting has outperformed DNA and all other forms of human identification to find more murderers, rapists and other serious offenders (fingerprints solve ten times more uncertainties suspicious case the DNA in most jurisdictions).
Although some journalists and authors argue that the fingerprints have long enjoyed the mystique of infallibility, the opposite is true. Fingerprint identification was the first forensic discipline in 1977 to formally launch a professional certification program for individual experts, including the procedure for decertifying then do some investigative errors. Other forensic science then later followed to course offerings where certificates could revoked for any errors found.
Fingerprint identification lead to a much more positive identification of individuals worldwide daily than any other human identification procedure. The American federal government a decisive influence positive identification of 70,000 people. A large part of identifications, about 92% of US Visit identifications, the effect of light out, no one involved computer recognition process with 100% accuracy based on only two fingerprints.